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PERSONALITY MAKEUP Six syndromes o f needs


TABLE2. Six syndromes o f needs
-   Pattern of needs
Syndrome High need Low need
Syndrome I : Dominance Passivity
Soldiers with Achievement:
leadership quali- Understanding
ties (28 cases) Recognition
Occuptional adjustment at bme
duty in army
Excellent performance of jobs re-quiring skill and responsibility if given work along own specialty or interest, and an outlet for re-sponsibility.
Syndrome II: Order Achieve- Change Work at high level of efficiency if
The perfection- ment: given work in which interested,
ists (14 cases) Conformance calling for precision and allow-
Harmavoidance ing for high pressure activity
Understanding without too much supervision.
Syndrome I I I : Dominance .
Conformance Suc- Aggression Long term adjustment with moder-
The soldier crav- corance: Autonomy ate skill and efficiency if put with
ing group accept- Harmavoidance officers, NCOs or companions
ance and support Infavoidance from whom sympathy and sup-
(25 cases) (Recognition) port can be obtained.
Syndrome I V : Defendance: Affiliation Adjust well if given work in which
The soldier who Autonomy Submission interested for which adequate re-
feels he is an out- Harmavoidance Deference ward and recognition is received.
cast (9 cases) If react to feelings of rejection
by social withdrawal, adjustment
is poor without psychotherapy.
Syndrome V : Passivity: Achievement Fair adjustment at low routine
The passive re- (Seclusion) Recognition level of efficiency if allowed to
tiring soldier (35 Aggression work without pressure at famil-
cases) Understanding iar routine jobs requiring neither
Affiliation skill nor initiative.
Syndrome VI : Change: Conformance May achieve good adjustment at a
The restless un- Autonomy Deference job in which interested’ and which
settled soldier Aggression Achievement provides plenty of change and a
(24 cases) Rejection Understanding minimum of bossing or super-
vision. Adjustment is at best
short lived under any but these
ideal conditions.
or an association. Certain other needs frequently appeared in this syndrome, such as the desire to understand, to con-struct things, or to influence and control people.
Four of the 14 soldiers in this group were 39 years or over. Ten had high or high average intelligence scores. The educational background of these soldiers was also better than that of the sample as
a whole, 6 soldiers having proceeded be-yond grade 9 and one having attended university. Six were diagnosed as chronic psychoneurosis and 4 as psychopathic personality-inadequate type. Of 4 sol-
diers with more transient psychiatric con-ditions, 2 were diagnosed acute anxiety and 2 reactive depression. Half this group held the rank of N!CO. Of 9 army crime records available, 6 showed no en-tries and 3 minor entries. Six of these soldiers had served in battle. Only 2 soldiers had a history of marked insta-bility. In 2 cases it was difficult to assess the situation, while in 10 adjustment ap-peared normal until the occurrence of a serious precipitating situation. In 6 in-stances this factor was battle experience which in one case was combined with an unfortunate domestic situation. In
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