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Definitions of needs used in the study covergirl foundation



  1. Achievement. Aneed to overcome ob-stacles, to strive to do something difficult.
  • Affiliation.Aneed to form friendships and associations, to cooperate and converse so-ciably with others. This can be focal (that is, confined to a singleindividual or group) or it may be diffuse (that is, taking in a broader groupof individuals or associations).
    • Aggression.Aneed to overcome opposi-tion, to act or speak in an assertive, forcefulmanner.
    • Autonomy.Aneed to resist influence, to strive for independence.
  • Change. A tendency to move and wander, to seek new friends and adopt new fashions, to change one’s interestsand vocation.
  • Conformance. A need to follow an ac-ceptedpattern.
  • Construction.   A  need  to organize  and
  • Defendance.Aneed to justify one’s ac-tions, to defend oneself against blame.
  • Deference.Aneed to admire and willingly follow a superior, to serve gladly.
  1. Dominance.Aneed to influence and con-trol others, to lead and direct.
  1. Excitance.Aneed for thrills and ex-citement.
lar need in the soldier’s personality makeup wasrated. Those needs, either high or low, judged to be most signifi-cant for theindividual were circled, giving a pattern or syndrome of needs for eachindividual.
Assessment    of            Army    Adjustmeitt.
The adequacy of the soldier’soccupa-tional adjustment was graded as Good,
Medium or Poor.
  1. Good comprised those cases in which the soldier was doing a highly satisfactory job and was satisfied withhis situation.
  • Medium comprisedthose cases in which the soldier was doing an adequatejob.
  • Poor comprised those cases in which the soldier was either not makinga useful contribution to the army, or was so dissatis-fied with his presentsituation that it was un-likely that he would continue to do a useful
  1. Harmavoidance.Aneed to avoid bodily injury.
  1. Znfavdance.Aneed to avoid failure, shame, ridicule.
  1. Identity.A need to associate oneself with something outside oneself, a cause, an in-stitution or anindividual.
    1. Nurturance.Aneed to aid and protect the helpless.
    1. Order. Aneed to arrangeand organize, to be scrupulously precise.
  1. Passivity.Aneed for rest, a desire to relinquish the will, to relax, to drift.
  1. Recognition.Aneed to seek distinction, social prestige, honours or high office.
    1. Rejection.A need to remain aloof and indifferent.
  2. Seclusion.A need to escape from atten-tion or notice of others.
  3. Sex. Aneed for sexual relationships. This may be focal (arelationship with one in-dividual) or diffuse (not restricted to a specificindividual).
  4. Succorance. Aneed to be dependent, to seek aid, protection or sympathy.
  5. Submission. A need to humble or abase oneself.
  • Understanding.A need to analyze ex-perience, to discriminate between concepts.
job if the present situation remained un-changed.
Assessment  ofEnvironmental Fac-
tors Affecting Adjustment. Eight en-vironmental factors affecting the sol-dier’s army adjustmentoccurred suffi-ciently frequently to be included in the study.
  1. Job alongown specialty or interest. A job in which the soldier has eitherspecial-ized skill or an absorbing interest.
  • Freedom toset own pace.Freedom to establish own rate of work without pressure from above.
  • Sympathetic superiors. Superior ofi-cers or NCOs who provide emotional sup-port for the soldier by sympathy andinter-est.
  • Outlet for responsibility. The oppor-tunityto useinitiative and make decisions with a minimum ofsupervision.
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