E. L. JAQUES AND I. CROOKcovergirl mascara
holds forhis readjustment to civilian work. The most frequently occurring of theseconditions in the present study was that he be free to set his own pace atwork. This is probably due to the fact that the emotionally unstable sol-dieris less able to adapt his own tempo of work to meet the requirements of others.This tempo varied all the way from the compulsion of the perfection-ist to workat high speed and with etK-ciency to the passive drifter whose only desire wasto work as slowly as possible. An equally important condition was that thesoldier have a job along his own specialty or interest. This emerged as thefactor of first importance in all ex-cept Syndromes I11 and V, thecon-formant group and the passive drift-ing group, in which the conditions of workwere of far greater importance than the actual work at which these sol-dierswere employed.
Psychiatric diagnostic categoriesdid not closely relate either to the occupa-tional adjustment of these neuroticsol-diers or to the conditions under which they worked best. Further, there waslittle if any relation between psychiatric diagnosis and need-sydrome. Theacute anxieties occurred mainly in Syndrome I and the psychopathic personalities were predominant in Syndrome VI.
However, both these diagnostic cate-gories occurred frequently in other syn-dromes as well. It would seem justifi-able to conclude that vocational guid-ance would be of more help in the civil-ian re-establishment of neurotic soldiers if it is based on personality makeup and needs than if it is based on psychiatric diagnostic category.
The poor adaptability of neuroticsol-diers requires that conditions of work should satisfy personal needs ifgood occupational adjustment is to be ob-tained. If well allocated in relation to personality makeup these soldiers ad-just well in a wide range of jobs in the army. Civilianvocational readjustment of these soldiers should be facilitated by vocationalguidance which gives due consideration to individual needs. Sixtentative need-syndromes related to ad-justment under various workconditions are suggested. These syndromes are more closely related tooccupational ad-justment and conditions of work re-quired for good adjustment than psy-chiatric diagnosticcategories.
- MUBRAY,H. A. Explorations in personal-ity. New York: Oxford University Press. 1938.