E. L. JAQUES AND I. CROOK
cases it was a domestic problem which caused the low stability.
The adjustment record of this syn-drome was the best. Thirteen of these 14 soldiers were doing an adequate job. Eight of these were doing well and five moderately well. The group typically sought responsible or difficult jobs calling for precision ; many had specialist train-ing (civilian or army) . Provided this soldier was given work in his line which was sufficiently challenging he did an ex-cellent job. The chief factors accounting for good adjustment were (a) “job along own specialty or interest,” (b) “freedom to set own pace,” which in this group meant the opportunity to keep busy as contrasted to the meaning in Syndrome IV where it meant no pressure, and (c) “sympathetic superior officer or NCO.” Other factors which were significant in individual cases .
Syndrome I I I . Th e group-dependent soldier. The third syndrome (25 cases) showed a strong tendency to conform to the pattern set by associates, an intensedesire to avoid bodily injury, and to avoid failure or ridicule. These soldierswere emotionally dependent on their associates, and in most cases, though notall, were conspicuously lacking in assertiveness. In 9 cases the above pattern of needswas supplemented by the strong desireto re-ceive social recognition.
This group consisted primarily ofyoung soldiers with rather low intelli-gence. Fifteen were from 19 to 23 years, while the distribution ofintelligence showed a larger proportion with low or low average intelligencethan in the whole sample. Ten soldiers were diagnosed psychopathic personality – inadequate type. Another 9 were diagnosed as chronic psychoneurosis, 3 hysteria and 3 acuteanxiety. Five soldiers who still showed signs of being dependent upon theirmothers were, as a group, the young-est and the dullest. Four out of 5 were 21 to 23 years and had lower thanaver-age intelligence. The group of 9 soldiers who showed a strong desire for social recognition in additionto conformity and dependence was older and more intelli-gent. Six of these 9 soldiers had high or highaverage intelligence and 5 wereover 23 years. The educational record of these soldiersdoes not differ from that of the distribution of the sample as a whole.
Five held NCO rank. The army crime recordswere available for 20 of the 25 soldiers, and showed little evidence of antisocial behaviour. Twelvesoldiers had clear records, 6 hadminor entries and only 2 had entries of a more serious nature. Twelve had served in battle whichproved a major precipitating factor in break-down. Fifteen soldiers had a history of fairly adequateadjustment previous to the occurrence of the precipitating situa-tion.