- Achievement. Aneed to overcome ob-stacles, to strive to do something difficult.
- Affiliation.Aneed to form friendships and associations, to cooperate and converse so-ciably with others. This can be focal (that is, confined to a singleindividual or group) or it may be diffuse (that is, taking in a broader groupof individuals or associations).
- Aggression.Aneed to overcome opposi-tion, to act or speak in an assertive, forcefulmanner.
- Autonomy.Aneed to resist influence, to strive for independence.
- Change. A tendency to move and wander, to seek new friends and adopt new fashions, to change one’s interestsand vocation.
- Conformance. A need to follow an ac-ceptedpattern.
- Construction. A need to organize and
- Defendance.Aneed to justify one’s ac-tions, to defend oneself against blame.
- Deference.Aneed to admire and willingly follow a superior, to serve gladly.
- Dominance.Aneed to influence and con-trol others, to lead and direct.
- Excitance.Aneed for thrills and ex-citement.
lar need in the soldier’s personality makeup wasrated. Those needs, either high or low, judged to be most signifi-cant for theindividual were circled, giving a pattern or syndrome of needs for eachindividual.
Assessment of Army Adjustmeitt.
The adequacy of the soldier’soccupa-tional adjustment was graded as Good,
Medium or Poor.
- Good comprised those cases in which the soldier was doing a highly satisfactory job and was satisfied withhis situation.
- Medium comprisedthose cases in which the soldier was doing an adequatejob.
- Poor comprised those cases in which the soldier was either not makinga useful contribution to the army, or was so dissatis-fied with his presentsituation that it was un-likely that he would continue to do a useful
- Harmavoidance.Aneed to avoid bodily injury.
- Znfavdance.Aneed to avoid failure, shame, ridicule.
- Identity.A need to associate oneself with something outside oneself, a cause, an in-stitution or anindividual.
- Nurturance.Aneed to aid and protect the helpless.
- Order. Aneed to arrangeand organize, to be scrupulously precise.
- Passivity.Aneed for rest, a desire to relinquish the will, to relax, to drift.
- Recognition.Aneed to seek distinction, social prestige, honours or high office.
- Rejection.A need to remain aloof and indifferent.
- Seclusion.A need to escape from atten-tion or notice of others.
- Sex. Aneed for sexual relationships. This may be focal (arelationship with one in-dividual) or diffuse (not restricted to a specificindividual).
- Succorance. Aneed to be dependent, to seek aid, protection or sympathy.
- Submission. A need to humble or abase oneself.
- Understanding.A need to analyze ex-perience, to discriminate between concepts.
job if the present situation remained un-changed.
Assessment ofEnvironmental Fac-
tors Affecting Adjustment. Eight en-vironmental factors affecting the sol-dier’s army adjustmentoccurred suffi-ciently frequently to be included in the study.
- Job alongown specialty or interest. A job in which the soldier has eitherspecial-ized skill or an absorbing interest.
- Freedom toset own pace.Freedom to establish own rate of work without pressure from above.
- Sympathetic superiors. Superior ofi-cers or NCOs who provide emotional sup-port for the soldier by sympathy andinter-est.
- Outlet for responsibility. The oppor-tunityto useinitiative and make decisions with a minimum ofsupervision.